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Integrated Pest Management

Integrated pest management (IPM) is a farming system that favors more natural alternatives of plant protection and - at the same time - reduces the dependence on pesticides. It is a sort of intermediate stage between the conventional and ecological farming system.

 Like in the Integrated Production (IP), the core of the IPM system is the effective protection against diseases, pests and weeds, which ensures stable yield and production of quality agricultural products while emphasizing the reduction of the impact of pesticides on human health and the environment. An important point is the qualified use of pesticides in cases where pests cannot be regulated at the appropriate level in another way. Users should use highly specific pesticides with minimal side effects on human health, non-target organisms and the environment.

In connection with IPM, the PDF Directive 2009/128 ES Opens a new window. (806 KB) establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides was adopted. This Directive has been already transposed into national legislation, specifically into Act No 326/2004 Coll., on phytosanitary care (“Phytosanitary Act”). In Article 5 of this Act, IPM is defined as measures that maintain the use of plant protection products and other methods of plant protection at economically and ecologically reasonable levels while emphasizing the growth of healthy crops with the least possible disruption to agricultural and forest ecosystems. This Article also defines the obligations of professional users of plant protection products and the obligations of the Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture (ÚKZÚZ). Paragraph 3 addresses the issue of IPM principles and contains the reference to the implementing Decree No 205/2012, on general principles of IPM. Compliance with the legal requirements has been monitored as part of Cross Compliance controls since 1 January 2014. See section "Compliance with general principles of IPM". Data collection is a part of regular controls focused on statutory management requirements (PPH 10). The output of these controls are both a checklist and a completed 

Questionnaire on IPM

Questionnaire on IPM

In accordance with the requirements laid down in the Directive, the National Action Plan for the Sustainable Use of Pesticides (NAP) was prepared in 2012 under the responsibility of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (MoA). The aims of NAP are:

1) elimination of risks arising from the use of plant protection products in the area of human health, water protection and environmental protection

2) optimization of the use of plant protection products without limitation of the agricultural production and quality of the plant products.

NAP has been updated for the period 2018-2022.