Today water management planning is perceived as a systematic conceptual activity undertaken by the State. The basic conceptual material is the Plan of Main River Basins of the Czech Republic from 2007. At the end of 2009 this plan will be followed up by plans of 8 river basin districts demarcated in the Czech Republic and harmonised within the framework of individual international drainage basins.
The task of water management planning is to define and mutually harmonise public interests related to the protection of water as a component of the environment, protection against flood and other damaging effects of water and finally in the area of long-term sustainable use of water resources and economic management of water in order to fulfil the requirements for water services, in particular for the purposes of drinking water supply. The aim of water management planning is the improvement or maintaining of the so called good status of surface and subterranean water and aquatic ecosystems.
The measures, leading to good status, will positively influence the accessibility of water sources used for supplying the population with quality water. Plans of river basin districts comply in advance with the directives and recommendations of the European Community for protection against floods and prevention of the impacts of climate changes which are binding for river basin district plan update in 2015.