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RDP: Axis II

The aim is to improve the environment and landscape. The Axis II contains three priorities: (i) Biodiversity, conservation and development of agricultural and forestry systems of a high nature value and of traditional agricultural landscapes, (ii) Water and soil protection, (iii) Mitigation of climate changes.

II.1.1 Natural handicap payments provided in mountain areas and payments provided in other areas with handicaps
In the Czech Republic, supports under “Less-favoured areas” measure are paid for grasslands. They represent not only an economic and social aid aiming at preserving stable incomes of farmers farming in less-favoured natural conditions, but function also as a restructuring measure encouraging the keeping of cattle and other grassland utilising livestock. This measure focuses on the support of farmers farming in areas with less-favoured conditions with the aim to conserve rural landscape, to support environmentally friendly farming methods, to contribute to the stabilisation of rural population in these areas and to help to assure adequate levels of farmers’ incomes.

II.1.2. Natura 2000 payments and payments linked to Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD)
In the core areas of national parks and protected landscape areas, there are meadow and pasture communities rich in species and dependent on human activity. In order to minimise the interference with adjacent natural ecosystems fertilization is not allowed on these sites. Due to difficult conditions for farming a danger exists that farmers will be abandoning the farming of meadows and pastures in core zones of large-scale nature conservation areas and these species rich grasslands dependent on farming will be degrading

II.1.3. Agri-environmental measures
The measure is designed to support methods of agricultural land use that are in accordance with the protection and improvement of the environment, landscape and their properties. It further promotes the conservation of farmed areas of high nature value, natural resources, and biodiversity and the landscape management.

II.2.1. Afforestation of agricultural land
This measure is composed of a single Sub-measure II.2.1.1 First afforestation of agricultural land. This sub- measure allows farmers, possibly owners of agricultural land, to obtain support for the afforestation of their parcels. Also creates space for production diversification, which should contribute to a strengthening of economic and social dimension of the sustainability of agriculture and rural areas. It reduces the proportion of arable land without a risk of increasing the proportion of abandoned agricultural land. The afforestation of agricultural land is important from the viewpoint of land use and protection of the environment.

II.2.2. Payments within Natura 2000 forest areas
Within this measure, the following one sub-measure is proposed “Conservation of a forest management group from previous production cycle”. Conservation of natural habitats protected by European legislation by supporting on selected areas the conservation of current optimum structure of basic tree species or current management type of the forest.

II.2.3. Forest-environment payments
The sub-measure „Improving the species composition of forest stands” is aimed at a thorough fulfilment of a fundamental strategic priority of the National Forestry Programme which is the management of forests according to the principles of sustainable management. The expansion of the ameliorative and fostering woody plants can be reached especially by the forest renewal and upbringing. The forest economic plan or programme states a minimal level of MFWP as obligatory duty for a forest owner.

II.2.4. Restoring forestry potential after disasters and promoting social functions of forests
The support will allow reducing the extent of damage caused by natural disasters and fire. Support of activities enhancing the public amenity value of forest which at the same time contribute to the protection of water, soil and forest environment against undisciplined movement of visitors in forests.